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guggul plant cultivation -
Family – Burseraceae
Guggal an oleo gum resin obtained by incision of the bark. It is madium small tree – 2 to 2.5 m.ht. A guggal Gum is used in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Homiopathy as well as in Alopathy.
North Africa to Central Asia, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan In India, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, mainly found in Arid rocky area. Now on verage of existance and hence placed under the category of rare and endangered plants in the IUCN 2008- RED DATA BOOK.
Presently we are importing Guggal from Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hence need for planned cultivation in thousand of acres per year.
The gum is well known for its rheumatic, and anti inflammatory actions. It is used in chronic ulcer, also as antiseptic. Stimulant, liver tonic, diuretic, rejuvenating and general tonic, and in sciatica, facial paralysis, in asthma, bronchitis, used in the treatment of Thyroid, leeucoderma, cought, useful in nervous disorders, skin diseases, for weight loss, for reducing cholesterol level, so many formulations are available for various diseases and hence it is called as “Divyoashadhi”
Soil – It is practically desert plant, adjusted in very difficult soil, an average soil with good drainage capacity is suitable for its cultivation.
Total dry climate is required, temp 200 to 400
Land is ploughed to a depth 20-25cm about 2 months before planting, with basal dose of FYM – 5 MT and neem powder 500 kg. pit distance 2m x 2m. In the middle of June. Nursery ready plant should be transplanted in the field Total 1000 Nos in Acre irrigation is required immediately after transplanting.
After mansoon, once in a month and twice in a summer weeding should be carried out is the month of Oct. and March.
Harvesting and Tapping - yield :
Gum resin starts from 8th yr incision is made in the month of Dec. Gum starts from the month of Jan. After every 15 days collect the gum of up to April.
Approximately 800/900 grams of Guggal gets from healthy tree i.e. 800-900 kg per acre.
If solvant extract method applied it will get in the purest form and fetch double the market price, that and trachitional method gum.
Land Preparation Rs. 4000/-
Manuar & Pit digging Rs. 15000/-
Cost of Plants 1000 Rs. 16000/-
Transportation Rs. 5000/-
Labour charges for 1 yr. Rs. 10000/-
Irrigation Supervision Rs. 15000/-
& other charges.
Total Rs. 65000/-
Maint charges for 7 yrs
Rs. 15000/year Rs. 105000/-
Manuar and Irrigation
7 x 10000/- Rs. 70000/-
Total Rs. 2,40,000/-
Income since 8th year. 800 kg Guggal gum per Acre
Present Rate per kg. Rs. 900/ kg
Total = 800 x 900 = 720000/- (No increase in the present rate for next 8 years )
Profit – 720000- 240000 = 480000/ per yr. from 8th yr.
it will continue up to 400/500 years.